Situations of discrimination
Any differential treatment that is based on your characteristics, such as age, race, nationality etc. is generally prohibited. However, discrimination is more likely to be encountered in some areas rather than in others. Therefore, there are special rules to protect against discrimination in the area of employment, education, access to publicly available goods and services, healthcare and others.
important It is possible to experience discrimination and to protect your rights in other fields too, especially if you are discriminated against by public authorities, such as the police and other law enforcement or administrative bodies. Read more about this relationship.
Discrimination & Human Rights
Prohibition of discrimination may be set out differently in different laws and different areas. According to the Constitution of the Slovak Republic, rights and freedoms must be protected and applied without discrimination. However, it is also an autonomous right, that is, a right that you can rely on separately without reference to other rights, which may apply to any area regulated by the State. In Slovakia, protection against discrimination as an autonomous prnciple is regulated by a separate law.
In some fields the prohibition of discrimination is more detailed, such as in employment, for example. There are generally fields where discrimination is more widespread, and where the European Union is also active in drafting legislation. In other fields, the protection is more general.
Article 12 (1) (2)
Articles 2, 26
10 November 1989
2 July 2009